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Babur Bura People: tradition, believe, marriage, language


The Babur Bura people originated far back in the 6th century. History revealed that there was at a period of time when people migrated from Yemen in the Middle East to the Nile valley. And as at A.D.600, these people had not only dispersed, a good number of them had also reached the Sudan and Sahara region.

Interestingly the ancestors of Babur Bura together with other tribes like Luguda are believed to be among those who migrated from Yemen via Sudan following the Chad Basin [Kanem of Borno region] to the present Babur Bura land in Borno and Adamawa state. The Babur Bura can also be found in Borno state in the following Local Government Areas: Biu, Hawul, Kwaya kusar, Shani and Bayo while in Adamawa State, they reside mainly in Garkida in Gombi Local Government Area.

Babur Bura villages and towns

Popular Babur Bura villages and towns includes Biu, Garkida ,Kwajaffa ,Sakwa, Marama, Shaffa, Wandali, Kida, Miringa, Buratai, Zuwa, Yimirshika ,Hyera ,Dayar, Fumwa, Azare, Gwaski, Diragina, Yimana, Gwallam, Tiraku, Shindiffu, Goski, Pela Birni, Wangdang, Bula taw ewe, Kogu Tashan Alade, Kida, da hang shang etc.

Know that, each of this places has its own peculiarities. For example the founder of the present Royal dynasty of Biu is Yamta -ra wala or Yamta the great. Local tradition asserts that Yamta was the son of a Mandara woman who already carrying him in her womb at the time she was taken into the Mai of Borno’s household. Yamta was brought up as a Kanuri.


Yamta established sizeable kingdom for himself in the region bounded by the Gongola and the village of Kopchi, with his first capital at a place called Limbur between Chikorkur and Mandaragrau. Yamta’s grave is still identified at Limbur. The Babur people are usually, the inhabitants of Biu and its Immediate environment while the Bura people are the rural inhabitants of the Babur Bura land.


Babur Bura people

Bura people have a strange marriage policy. When a female child is born, a suitor may propose by throwing a leafy branch of a certain tree into the mother’s hut. If he is accepted, he gives gifts as the girl grows up to adulthood. Not only that, he works on her father’s farm and makes Zana matting for them when she reaches marriageable age, he organizes his friends to capture her and bring her to his house.

Then the remaining part of the bride price is settled, which is not a insists amount and arrangements for the marriage ceremony are concluded. Moreso, some of the items that are normally presented at the ceremony include kolanuts, salt, and a white linen. The bride is usually expected to produce a white cloth stained with the proof of her virginity and it may be displayed with pride. Her parents will be ashamed if she is not a virgin.

However, as a sign of respect, a man does not eat with his parents-in-law.


Before the arrival of Islam and Christainity in the 1920’s, the Bura had their traditional religion known as Hyel or Hyel- taku. The gods are represented by numerous objects such as water, stones, mountains or forests. Sacrifices to gods are made on Saturday, so it is a special day, the chief priest is called Mythmaker Haptu.

Babur Bura people


The Babur Bura language is linguistically classified as Afro-Asiatic, Chadic and Biu-Mandara. The Bura language has great affinity and similarity with Chibok, Marghi, Higgi , Kilba and Bazza. The Babur Bura people are found in large numbers in Borno, Adamawa, Gombe and Yobe States.


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