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Who named Nigeria and in what year?


Who named Nigeria and in what Year did the naming take place? is the question most Nigerians don’t know the answer to yet and it’s a major part our history and story as a nation. Nigeria is a name that cames into existence following the amalgamation of the southerners and northerners in 1914 by the British rulers (colonial master).

Who named Nigeria

Who named Nigeria?

Nigeria got it’s named after that the River Niger and its area was discovered. Nigeria was named and discovered by a British journalist Flora Shaw who later got married to Lord Fredrick Lugard a British administrator.

Who named Nigeria

What does Nigeria mean?

Alot of Nigerians and foreigners has been curious to find answer to the question –What does Nigeria mean? Continue reading below.


Nigeria is a country on the coast of West Africa; the population of above 150,000,000 (est. 2009); languages are English (official), Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, and others; capital, Abuja.

Who named Nigeria

The name was formed in the 19 century by British journalist Flora Shaw, who then got married to Baron Frederick Lugard, a British colonial administrator (the Governor General of both the Northern and Southern Protectorates).

Flora Shaw combined the two words “Niger” known as country’s longest river and “Area”  means its environs to get the word “Nigeria” (referring to the area surrounding the river Niger). The adjectival form is “Nigerian” referring to people from the River Niger Area(Nigeria).

Nigeria is an amalgam of the words: ‘River Niger Area’. The predominantly North and South were formed into one country for administrative function. Although the benefits seem to be wise at times debatable, nevertheless the decision brought into existence the largest Black African nation on earth.


However, Niger in Latin means black and surprisingly enough for a lot of people Nigeria actually means Black Area- which is ironic since it is the most populous black nation in the world.

Nigeria is the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures whilst practicing indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960.

Who named Nigeria, what does Nigeria mean and more

The Federal Republic of Nigeria, which is widely known as Nigeria, is a West African country famous for its robust economy and large population, presently over 200 million and counting. The country is geographically located between the Sahel and the Gulf of Guinea.

Who named Nigeria

Just like various other African countries, Nigeria has a rich history, deeply intertwined with European trade and colonization. Who named Nigeria, where did the name come from, and what does it mean?

Numerous African countries did not have formal borders, and typically existed in the form of groups of indigenous communities. These structures changed drastically when the European colonialists arrived in the continent.

What was Nigeria called before it was named by Flora Shaw?

The country’s naming history dates to 1879 when a British man known as George Goldie formed the United African Company (UAC) and used it to control the lower areas of the river Niger.

The company was later given a charter to administer the entire Niger Delta. Thus, before the name Nigeria was given by Flora, the entire land under its administration was known as the Royal Niger protectorate. A few years later, the company had its charter revoked, forcing George to sell his holdings to the British Government.


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