The majority of Ghanaians speak English or Pidgin English, which incorporates vocabulary from several regional tongues to produce a distinctive dialect that is exclusive to Ghana.
Although many Africans and people of African origin speak Pidgin English, it differs differently in each nation, as is well known.
An explanation of certain slang and tribal phrases used often by Ghanaians is provided below.
Akata : a foreigner usually an African-American
Akpeteshie: This locally brewed spirit is made from fermented palm wine and is highly intoxicating (like moonshine) also known as Apio.
Akwaaba – Welcome
Alata: A term commonly used to describe Nigerians, to their great displeasure as it means pepper seller in their language. (Derived from the Yoruba language)
Asem: Problem(s) (Akan term)
Aunty: In West Africa the title aunty is given to any older woman to whom deference is shown.
Awam: The word awam, meaning fake, is derived from the abbreviation for the Association of West African Merchants that duped citizens out of their hard earned money.
Boga: A Ghanaian living abroad, this word originated from the word Hamburger after residents of Hamburg many of who are of Ghanaian origin.
Chale: Friend (Ga term)
Chalewotey: the word for Flip-flops. ‘Chale’ in Ga means friend or buddy and ‘Wote’ means ‘let’s go.’ So literally the word Chalewotey means ‘my friend let’s go’ and is a perfect description for the ease with which flip-flops are worn. (Ga term)
Chao: a lot, plenty
Cho: Food, as in ‘Where de cho dey?’, ‘Where is the food?’
Chop bar: A restaurant that operates mainly by the roadside and serves a variety of local dishes.
Eti sen: An equivalent to a ‘hi, how are you?’ but is literally translated as ‘how is it?’ to which the response would be ‘ɛyɛ’ (eh-yeh) ‘it’s good’ or ‘it’s fine’. (Akan term)
Hot: to be under pressure; ‘chale I’m hot!’, ‘I’m under pressure!’
Kubolor: Someone that enjoys wandering and ‘roaming’. (Ga term)
Obroni: White man or white person.
Obroni waawu: Secondhand clothing. It literally means ‘the dead white man’, to signify the clothes that came from Europe.
Saa: ‘Is that so?’ (Akan term).
Sakora: Bald headed, a totally shaven head.
Sankofa: A popular adinkra proverb derived from the twi language that literally means ‘go back and get it’. For example, if you’ve forgotten your roots you can always go back and retrace your steps. (Akan term)
Skin pain: Jealousy
Tro tro: Also ‘trosky’, a mini bus used for public transportation. Tro tro drivers are notorious for their bad driving. They usually have some interesting slogan or the other inked on the rear windscreen. (Ga term