Relation Between Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy and physiology of human body are closely related medical sciences, which are generally taught simultaneously. In simple words, anatomy is the study of the physical structure of the human body, while physiology has to do with the explanation of the functions of specific organs and the systems in a man’s body.

Relation Between Anatomy and Physiology

In the larger aspect, anatomy clarifies the structure of the body whereas physiology describes the function of it. A good knowledge of human anatomy is important to the review of physiology and vice versa. This means that both branches of science are closely interrelated and must be learnt and understood together.


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Anatomy and physiology have been learnt for a long time. Humankind has generally retained a curiosity to know how they and other living beings are structured and how they perform functions. Many people throughout history have also shown a high level of interest in reviewing and contrasting distinctive living beings to search for parallels and identify discrepancies.

The research of anatomy focuses on understanding the specifications, contour, and locations of different parts in the human body. Physical aspects of the human body structure are either recognised with the eyes, without the use of any instrument, or viewed with magnification of a special instrument known as microscope for more detail. Through the dissection course of action, students might diligently register everything they come across, and see how systems in the human body are joined. An imperfect understanding of anatomy may result in serious confusion for medical students, since understanding anatomy is a vital part of mastering the progress of an ailment.

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Anatomy can be considered as a static study, while physiology is a lot more dynamic, concerning the chemical, physical, and electrical systems that make an organism function, from the operations which manage the rate of beating of heart to the elaborate systems involved in visual perception.

In order to study physiology, it is necessary to work with living bodies or organs. This fosters an understanding of their physical functions like the release of neurotransmitters inside the brain and the storage of energy in cells. Anatomy and physiology can both be analysed with the aid of dissection and clinical investigation of biological materials from specimens.

Medical students understand anatomy and also physiology extensively over the course of their educations, so they really know the way the human body operates and how the diverse systems in the human body are inter-associated. These medical sciences also form a topic of attention for people in several allied health careers, including x-ray experts who ought to have a methodical information about anatomy to accomplish their job.

The structure and function of the parts of your body are intently connected with one another and basically, the study of one is incomplete without the study of the other. Since anatomy focuses on structure and physiology on function, it is clearly natural to say that anatomy and physiology are highly connected. In spite of the close relationship, it is always expected to retain a boundary between the two, considering that both fields are incredibly broad and studying both concurrently is a difficult process.

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